Rosacea, or acne rosacea, is a non-contagious skin inflammation that exclusively affects the face. The small surface blood vessels (capillaries) of the skin enlarge, giving the appearance of a permanent flush. The forehead, cheeks and chin may develop yellow-headed pimples. Unlike acne, rosacea does not scar.
The condition first appears between the ages of 30 and 50 years. Frequent flushing or blushing is commonly the first sign. Over time, permanent redness (erythema) may develop as the capillaries enlarge and pustules begin to form. In men, severe rosacea can cause the nose to become reddened and enlarged (rhinophyma).
The symptoms tend to worsen with advancing age. The cause is unknown and there is no permanent cure. Overheating in bed at night may contribute to the development of rosacea.
The symptoms of rosacea include:
enlarged capillaries (telangiectasis)
a permanent flush across the nose and cheeks
yellow-headed pimples on the forehead, cheeks and chin
non-tender lumps under the skin
mildly swollen cheeks and nose (hyperplasia)
a sensation of burning or stinging
a rash that is confined to the face.
The cause of rosacea is unknown. Some researchers believe that people with rosacea are sensitive to the Demodex folliculorum mite, a microscopic creature that can inhabit the pores of the skin.
Some of the factors that can trigger the rosacea blush or worsen symptoms include:
coffee and tean
overexposure to sunlight
anxiety or emotional stress
overheating, especially in bed at night
Some of the complications of rosacea include:
Rhinophyma – the skin of the nose becomes severely reddened, swollen and pulpy. This is caused by the enlargement of the sebaceous glands. Some men are prone to this complication.
Conjunctivitis – is inflammation of the conjunctiva (membrane of the eye).
Treatment options for rosacea depend on the severity, but may include:
avoidance of known triggers – such as sunlight, alcohol and spicy foods
antibiotics – such as doxycycline or minocycline. It is not clear how antibiotics reduce the severity of the rash. Generally antibiotics only start to work after three to four weeks and take six weeks to completely clear rosacea. Two thirds of people have a prolonged remission after a single course of antibiotic. One third relapse within a few months and may require maintenance therapy
Professional skincare program or Antibiotics that could be given by our cosmetic physician after a complete skin assessment.
diathermy – a small device that generates heat is applied to the damaged blood vessels
IPL or Nd Yag Laser treatment by Fotona Dynamis
Cost is based on the size of the area being treated. It starts from $120 per session for a small area like a chin region and up. Normally a course of 2-4 Laser or IPL sessions with a month interval in between sessions, is required.